Work Restrictions for Pregnant Women (Right)

From All Rights (Kol-Zchut)

הקדמה:

It is prohibited to have a pregnant employee work overtime or on their weekly days of rest from the fifth month of pregnancy onward
A pregnant employee from the fifth month of pregnancy onward should not be employed for night shifts if she has notified her employer in writing that she does not agree to work at night
An employee denied these rights is entitled to file a complaint against the employer to the Labor Laws Enforcement Unit of the Ministry of Economy

The Employment of Women Law establishes various restrictions on the employment of pregnant women.

Overtime or Work During the Weekly Rest Days

  • Section 10(a) of the law established that it is prohibited to have a pregnant employee work overtime or on their weekly days of rest from the fifth month of pregnancy onward.
  • However, according to section 10(b) of the law, the employer may employ the worker for overtime or during the weekly days of rest if the following criteria are met:
    • The employee has consented in writing;
    • The employee has provided the employer with medical approval from an OB/GYN indicating that there is no need to refrain from working overtime or during the weekly days of rest;
    • The employee's working conditions will be in accordance with anything specifically detailed in the medical approval.

Working Night Shifts

  • According to section 10(a) of the law, it is prohibited to have a pregnant employee work at night from the fifth month of pregnancy onward, as long as the employee has notified the employer in writing that she does not agree to work at night.
  • Section 10(d) defines night work as at least two hours between 22:00 and 06:00.

Who is Eligible?

  • All pregnant employees, starting from the fifth month of pregnancy.

How to Claim It?

  • The employee must notify her employer during the fifth month of pregnancy.
  • After the employee has provided this notification, or if the employer is made aware of the pregnancy by other means, the employee is entitled automatically.
  • If a pregnant employee is denied this right by the employer, she is entitled to file a complaint against the employer with the Ministry of Economy's Enforcement Unit.


Aid Organizations

  • Click here for a comprehensive listing of organizations that provide assistance for issues related to employment and workers' rights, specifically those listed under "ארגוני סיוע לנשים".

Government Agencies

Government Agency Areas of Responsibility Topics
The Employment of Women Law Ombudsman Responsible for issuing permits according to the Employment of Women Law Equal employment opportunities, Working women
Equal Employment Opportunity Ombudsman The ombudsman is responsible for enforcing all regulations related to equality at work and treatment of cases where prohibited discrimination occurred. Equal employment opportunities, Working women
The Authority for the Advancement of the Status of Women Proper representation of women in public bodies, senior positions and positions of influence. Equal employment opportunities, Working women
The Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor The Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor is responsible for all areas related to employment. All workers' rights relevant to the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor.
The National Insurance Institute The institution responsible for the payment of pensions and benefits to which the working public are entitled. Health-Related Employee Rights, Working women, Termination of employment
Income Tax Responsible for collecting taxable income from workers. Workers' wages and components
The Legal Aid Division - Ministry of Justice Providing advice and legal assistance at no cost for people with low income. Workers' rights, Discrimination at work, Sexual harassment at work

Laws and Regulations

Additional Publications

Sources