The Employment of Women Law establishes various restrictions on the employment of pregnant women.
Overtime or Work During the Weekly Rest Days
- Section 10(a) of the law established that from the fifth month of pregnancy onward, it is prohibited to have a pregnant employee work overtime hours (hours beyond what is considered a [[he:יום עבודה ושבוע עבודה|full-time day or week) or on her weekly days day of rest.
- However, according to section 10(b), the employer may employ the worker for overtime or during the weekly days of rest if the following criteria are met:
- The employee has consented in writing;
- The employee has provided the employer with medical approval from an OB/GYN indicating that there is no need to refrain from working overtime or during the weekly days of rest;
- The employee's working conditions will be in accordance with anything specifically detailed in the medical approval.
Working Night Shifts
- According to section 10(a) of the law, it is prohibited to have a pregnant employee work at night from the fifth month of pregnancy onward, as long as the employee has notified the employer in writing that she does not agree to work at night.
- Section 10(d) defines night work as at working for at least two hours between 22:00 and 06:00.
Who is Eligible?
- All pregnant employees, starting from the fifth month of pregnancy.
How to Claim It?
- The employee must notify her employer during the fifth month of pregnancy.
- After the employee has provided this notification, or if the employer is made aware of the pregnancy by other means, the employee is entitled automatically.
- If a pregnant employee is denied this right by the employer, she is entitled to file a complaint against the employer with the Ministry of Economy's Enforcement Unit.
- A pregnant employee can take unpaid leave if a physician certifies in writing that the type of work, location or manner of its implementation endangers her or the fetus, due to the pregnancy, or it prevents her from carrying out this work.
- Click here for a comprehensive listing of organizations that provide assistance for issues related to employment and workers' rights, specifically those listed under "ארגוני סיוע לנשים".
|Government Agency||Areas of Responsibility||Topics|
|The Employment of Women Law Ombudsman||Responsible for issuing permits according to the Employment of Women Law||Equal employment opportunities, Working women|
|Equal Employment Opportunity Ombudsman||The ombudsman is responsible for enforcing all regulations related to equality at work and treatment of cases where prohibited discrimination occurred.||Equal employment opportunities, Working women|
|The Authority for the Advancement of the Status of Women||Proper representation of women in public bodies, senior positions and positions of influence.||Equal employment opportunities, Working women|
|The Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor||The Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor is responsible for all areas related to employment.||All workers' rights relevant to the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor.|
|The National Insurance Institute||The institution responsible for the payment of pensions and benefits to which the working public are entitled.||Health-Related Employee Rights, Working women, Termination of employment|
|Income Tax||Responsible for collecting taxable income from workers.||Workers' wages and components|
|The Legal Aid Division - Ministry of Justice||Providing advice and legal assistance at no cost for people with low income.||Workers' rights, Discrimination at work, Sexual harassment at work|
Laws and Regulations
- A Brief Workers' Rights Guide from the Yedid - The Association for Community Empowerment website