Introduction:

Pregnant employees are entitled to be paid by their employers for work hours that they miss due to pregnancy related tests/examinations
A full time employee is entitled to be absent 40 hours during the course of her pregnancy for tests and a part time employee is entitled to miss hours relative to the number of hours she works
The absence period will not be deducted from their accrued sick days
For more information, see section 7(e) of the Womens' Employment Law


Pregnant employees are entitled to be paid their full salaries by their employer for time they were absent from work due to routine tests/examinations performed by a gynecologist or at a family health center (or outside the center based on a referral from the center) that are related to pregnancy such as: ultrasound scans, blood tests, amniocentesis, etc. (See the court ruling below)

  • A woman who works full time, as is custom in her workplace, is eligible to miss and be paid for up to 40 hours for routine tests during her pregnancy.
  • A woman working part time is eligible to miss the number of hours that are relative to the number of hours she works.
    • The scope of the part-time position will be determined according to the ratio between the number of hours the employee works per month and 182 hours (the number of hours legally considered to be full-time).
    • If the standard monthly working hours for a full-time job is lower than 182 in the employee's workplace, the scope of the position will be determined according to the ratio between the number of hours the employee works per month and the monthly standard in her workplace.
Example
  • A woman works in a place where the standard for a full time job is 168 hours per month.
  • The woman works 84 hours per month.
  • In order to calculate the scope of her position we divide her monthly work hours (84) with the accepted number of work hours for a full time job in her workplace (168 hours).
  • The scope of her job is 50%: 84/168.
  • According to the scope of her job she is entitled to miss 20 hours of work during her pregnancy for routine tests: 50%x40.
  • The law does not relate how to calculate the scope of part-time positions for hourly or daily workers with varying hours. In this case it is customary to calculate the average number of monthly hours that a worker has worked in the last 12 months and to divide the result by 182 (the number of work hours set by the law for a full-time month). For more information, see Calculation of Employee Position by Hours.
  • Number of Paid Hours Permitted to be Absent before 06.02.2019

    • Before 06.02.2019 the rights of women were determined as follows:
      • Those who worked up to four hours each day of the accepted work week their place of work were entitled to miss up to 20 hours for routine tests during the course of their pregnancy.
      • Those who worked more than four hours each day of the accepted work week their place of work were entitled to miss up to 40 hours for routine tests during the course of their pregnancy.

    Who is Eligible?

    • All pregnant women who miss work due to pregnancy related tests.

    How to Claim It?

    • The employer may require proof of the tests/exams.
    Attention
    According to the law, there is no stipulation tha the worker must submit her doctors notes before the hours of absence have been deducted from her salary or vacation days. In a case that she submits them after the fact, the employer must refund her for the absence that has already been deducted from her salary.
    • If a pregnant employee was not paid for time she was absent from work due to routine tests/examinations related to pregnancy, she is entitled to sue the employer for compensation.

    Please Note

    • Absence from work as detailed above is not at the expense of sick days or vacation days, and employers are prohibited from deducting this time from the employee's accrued sick days or annual vacation time. Employers are also prohibited from deducting this time from an employee's salary. (See the court ruling below)
    • A pregnant woman who exceeded her allotted absence from work as described above but needs further pregnancy tests,is allowed to take the time off from work necessary for the tests at the expense of the annual vacation time she has accrued. Alternatively she is entitled to take the hours or days necessary for the tests as days without payment.
    • A pregnant woman is entitled to separate payment for each pregnancy, even if she was pregnant more than once during a calendar year.

    Court Rulings

    Aid Organizations

    • Click here for a comprehensive listing of organizations that provide assistance for issues related to employment and workers' rights, specifically those listed under "ארגוני סיוע לנשים".

    Government Agencies

    For a list of government agencies dealing with employment and specifically with the employment of women

    Laws and Regulations

    Credits