Fertility Treatments for a woman with the sperm of a man that isn't her spouse for the purposes of having a child together without a partnership is contingent on a contract between the two sides.
Who is Eligible?
- A man and a woman who are not partners, and not married to anyone else, who want to have a child together through shared parenting and meet the following conditions:
- They wrote a contract between them.
- They are not married to other people.
How to Claim It?
Writing a contract between the man and woman
- The man and woman have to write an agreement that includes the following details:
- The man's consent to the action, and a statement that he is aware of his obligations to the newborn, regardless of the agreement.
- Reference to the question of what happens if the parties back out of the agreement, and what happens to the sperm sample that was given for the purpose of fertilization.
- The mother's declaration that she is not a "carrying mother", as defined by The Surrogacy Law.
- A declaration by both sides that the agreement was not made for monetary or any other considerations, and that they entered the agreement voluntarily.
- A declaration by both parties that they are not married to other spouses.
- Some of the clinics that carry out the treatment (whether it is insemination or in-vitro fertilization) require a notarized agreement. It is recommended to check the clinic's requirements in advance and to have the agreement notarized in advance.
Performing artificial insemination or IVF
- Intrauterine insemination is performed by a gynecologist.
- The man brings a sperm sample to the lab. In the lab they do sperm washing and collect the sperm with the best movement (this process is called Sperm Enhancement). These sperm are injected by the doctor into the woman's uterus through a special catheter.
- The time of insemination is coordinated with the woman's natural cycle.
- If there is no pregnancy after several cycles of intrauterine insemination, the couple may be referred to In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) treatment.
- Hospitals don't perform insemination on Saturdays.
- Women who undergo insemination on Saturdays may not be eligible for refunds or deductibles from the kupot cholim and they should check this ahead of time with their kupat cholim.
- In order to ensure that the correct sperm is injected into the woman's uterus (and not accidentally the sperm of another man), there is the option to arrange fertility treatment oversight.
- It is forbidden for a doctor to begin fertility treatments on a woman with the sperm of a man who is not her partner for the purpose of shared parenting, without an agreement.
- Usually, the man's presence is required during the treatment, even after he provides the sperm, for things like signing documents confirming his consent to each stage of the treatment.
Laws and Regulations
- Ministry of Health Director circular no. 20/07 from 08.11.2007 -guidelines for sperm banks and artificial insemination.
- The original source of this information is The Israel Medical Association
- English translation and maintenance by The Shira Pransky Project.