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{{עצם העניין/סיום}}
 
{{עצם העניין/סיום}}
 
==Updates==
 
==Updates==
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{{סרטון יוטיוב | 1gxYRfZ8wj0| תיאור = Receiving Unemployment Pay for Employees on Unpaid Leave | כיוון = שמאל | מסגרת=כן}}
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*22.03.2020: We have added information about the new emergency regulations limiting the number of employees allowed in the workplace at one time
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*22.03.2020:We have added information about the emergency regulations limiting places of work and leaving the house
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*17.03.2020: Ministry of Labor updates regarding places of work
 
*16.03.2020: Tax coordination extensions for the 2019 tax year
 
*16.03.2020: Tax coordination extensions for the 2019 tax year
 
*15.03.2020: Ministry of Health guidelines for workplace conduct
 
*15.03.2020: Ministry of Health guidelines for workplace conduct

Revision as of 18:59, 22 March 2020

Introduction:

This guide focuses on the main issues related to the rights of employees during the coronavirus outbreak
The information on this page is being constantly updated so we recommend checking it daily
If you are self-employed or freelancers and you do not have any employees see the special guide for self-employed and freelance workers
See also the coronavirus outbreak FAQs page on the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs and Social Services website


Updates

Receiving Unemployment Pay for Employees on Unpaid Leave
  • 22.03.2020: We have added information about the new emergency regulations limiting the number of employees allowed in the workplace at one time
  • 22.03.2020:We have added information about the emergency regulations limiting places of work and leaving the house
  • 17.03.2020: Ministry of Labor updates regarding places of work
  • 16.03.2020: Tax coordination extensions for the 2019 tax year
  • 15.03.2020: Ministry of Health guidelines for workplace conduct
  • 15.03.2020: Reduction of job hours or salary

Ministry of Health Guidelines for Workplace Conduct - 15.03.2020

  • The Ministry of Health is directing workplaces to prepare to continue transferring people to work from home without any gatherings at all.
  • In the meantime, workplaces are allowed to operate as long as there is no gathering of more than 10 people and there a distance of at least 2 meters between each employee in all places and areas where the workers are located. For additional information see the Ministry of Health's designated coronavirus webpage.

Tax Coordination Extensions for the 2019 Tax Year

  • The Tax Authority notified that all 2019 tax extensions will be valid through May 2020 salaries.

Employees in Quarantine

Attention
Family members of someone in quarantine are not able to use Sick Days to care for their family members because we are not talking about an illness of the other person. This applies specifically to someone whose spouse or children are in quarantine. They are only allowed to use sick days if their parents or spouse are completely dependent on them for everyday activities because of their illness.

Forced Vacation Days

  • An employer is permitted to decide when an employee must go on vacation and utilize his accrued vacation days.
  • Likewise, the employer is permitted to determine ahead of time, certain days that employee has to take concentrated leave (forced).
  • The employer is therefore allowed to require the employee to use his vacation days during this period, provided that the employee has enough accrued vacation days.
  • The employer may not force the employee to take vacation at the expense of unpaid vacation days.
  • The employer must give advance notice of the planned leave, and if it is for a period of one week or more, the employee must be notified two weeks in advance.
  • For additional information see annual vacation.

 

Reduction of Work Hours or Salary

  • An employer may, with the consent of the employee, reduce the employee's salary or the scope of his job, in order to save on employment costs.
  • However, reducing the scope of a job without the employee's prior consent may be considered a tangible deterioration in the working conditions for which the employee may resign and be entitled to the same rights as someone who was fired, such as: severance pay (eventhough he was not fired), continued full-time employment or pay during the notification period and other payments made at the end of a job, such as: cashing in for unused convalescense days andvacation days.
  • Salary reductions can have implications for the employee's pension rights and National Insurance Institute rights.
  • For additional information see Reduction of Wages or Job Scope because of the Coronavirus Outbreak.

Sending Employees on Unpaid Leave

Example
  • An employer sends his employees on unpaid leave on 12.03.2020. The employer is required to pay National Insurance contributions for April and May (because they were still employed in March, eventhough it was only for part of the month). Additionally, the regular deductions will made from the employees' March salary.
  • If the employees return to work on 30.4.2020, the employer is not obligated to make National Insurance payments for the leave period because the employees are considered to have worked during the two months (March and April) and therefore the National Insurance contributions are deducted from their salaries.
  • Pension plans and continued education funds:
    • The employer is not required to an employees pension plan or continued education fund during the time the employee is on unpaid leave.
    • It is important to make clear to employees that a stop in pension or managers' insurance contributions may have a negative impact on the employees pension rights and particularly on their insurance coverage. This is something that can leave the employee without coverage and can potentially make it hard for or prevent him from purchasing insurance like this in the future.
  • Tip
    During a period of unemployment during which contributions to his pension plan arent being made, an employee can preserve his accrued rights through a risk settlement or by making his own contributions to the pension insurance fund.

    Not Scheduling Shift Workers

    • In certain places of work where employees are assigned to shifts (and are paid accordingly), instead of firing their employees or sending them on unpaid leave, employers prefer to simply not assign them to shifts, without indicating a date on which they will be assigned again.
    Example
    Waiters who don't have regularly scheduled work days.

    Dismissals

    • An employer who chooses to fire employees is obligated to first give them a hearing and only afterwards make a final decision.
    • If the decision after the hearing is to fire the employee:
      • The employer has to give advanced notice to the employee before the dismissal can take effect and is required to continue employing him until the notification period is over. The length of the advanced notification period is determined by the employee's seniority.
      • The employer can immediately dismiss the employer and compensate him for the amount he would have been paid if he had continued working during the advanced notification period.
    • Upon termination of employment, the employer must make the following payments:
    • It is forbidden to:
      • It is forbidden to fire an employee during a period of time for which he is getting Sick Pay, including an employee who is in quarantine for suspected coronavirus.
      • It is forbidden to fire an employee that is on maternity leave and there is no way to obtain a special permit for this from the Ministry of Labor.
      • It is forbidden to fire an employee that is doing mandatory reserve duty and in certain cases after he returns.
    • In cases of pregnancy, fertility treatments, surrogacy and adoption:
      • It is forbidden to fire a pregnant woman who has worked for the employer for at least 6 months and it is forbidden to worsen her work condiions during her pregnancy and for 60 days after she returns from maternity leave unless a permit to do so is obtained.
      • Similarly it is forbidden to fire employees who are undergoing fertility treatments or are in the process of adoption or surrogacy.
      • There is an option to request a special permit from the Ministry of Labor in order to allow these dismissals.
    • For additional information, see:

    Foreign Workers and Palestinians

    • In light of the steps taken to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, many questions have come up regarding the employment of foreign and/or Palestinian workers.
    • Questions related to employing foreign workers should be directed to the Population and Immigration Authority Foreign Workers Administration online or by email: Pniyotko@piba.gov.il.

    Government Agencies

    Government Agencies Call Center Expedited Services
    The Ministry of Health Kol HaBriut hotline *5400
    Municipal Hotline (in most cases) 106
    Home Front Command Call Center for Civil (non-medical) Emergencies 104
    Employment Services ‎9687* Initial online report to the employment office
    The National Insurance Institute **6050 Unemployment pay claim online claim form
    The Agency for Small and Mid-size Businesses Maof businesses hotline *8794
    SHAYAL (Guidance for Citizens) 118 (Unemployment, unpaid leave, consumerism etc.) Contact through Facebook
    The Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs and Social Services Social Services hotline 118
    The Israel Tax Authority
    • Tax authority call center (general) *9848
    • Property tax call center *4954
    The Population and Immigration Authority National Information and Service hotline *3450 Online contact form on corona related topics for foreign workers/Palestinians
    The Ministry of Education *Hotline for Parents and Students
    The Office for Social Equality Senior Citizens center hotline *8840 Online contact for for the senior citizens center
    The Authority for the Rights of Holocaust Survivors Holocaust Survivors Services Center hotline *5105

    Aid Organizations

    Information, Guidance and Support

    Organization Center details and website link Hotline number
    United Hatzalah, Israel Association of Community Centers, and Lev Echad Emergency Hotline for Humanitarian Assistance During the Corona Crisis 1221 (no star)
    The New Workers Union (Histadrut) Information hotline regarding rights in the workplace during the coronavirus crisis 2383*
    "Be-Atzmi" On My Own Emergency hotline for coping and support in the area of employment 2119*
    The Israel Bar Association Initial legal assistance in issues related to family, labor, National Insurance and execution laws 050-5588072 (whatsapp)
    Chasdei Lev Hotline for Tools and Tips for Good Financial Family Conduct 077-3377930 ext. 3
    Israel Consumers Council Consumer Services Hotline 1-700-727-888
    HMOs Emotional Support Hotline for "Clalit"

    Emotional Support Hotline for "Maccabi" "Meuechet" "Leumit"

    * *2700 extension 8, 3
    • *3555 extension 1
    • *3833 extension 8
    • *507 extension 9
    Tene Briut Amaharit Hotline for Coronavirus Related Questions (prevention, protection and Ministry of Health guidelines). Sun-Thurs 8:00-21:00 04-6323544
    Eran and the Israel Trauma Coalition Help hotline for those suffering from corona related anxiety 1201 ext. 6
    Tamar - Eran and the Israel Trauma Coalition Arabic help hotline for those suffering from corona related anxiety 1201 ext. 2
    The Disabled IDF Veterans Organization Mental health and support hotline for Disabled IDF Veterans 1-800-363-363
    ENOSH Hotline for parents and adolescents age 12-25 suffering from emotional crisis 054-9299723

    Assistance for those in home quarantine

    Organization Center details and website link Hotline number
    United Hatzalah, Israel Association of Community Centers, and Lev Echad Emergency Hotline for Humanitarian Assistance During the Corona Crisis 1221 (no star)
    Yad Sarah Delivery of medical equipment to the house 02-6444639
    Lev Echad Assistance with shopping, gathering medications etc. 02-6762044
    Friends for Health Medications for Home-bound Individuals 054-7123930
    Dor L'dor Personal assistance for senior citizens who are worried about leaving the house *3284

    Additional Information


    Credits

    English translation and maintenance by The Shira Pransky Project.