Through various non-profit organizations, such as ALUT and Beit Ekstein, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services operates therapeutic rehabilitative daycare centers throughout Israel.
- These centers are intended for people with autism who have completed school and live at home with their parents, and who are not able to independently integrate into the workforce due to a low level of functioning.
- Registration for a daycare center requires payment of 10% of the participant’s General Disability Pension.
- See general information for Vocational Rehabilitative Day Care Centers for Autistic Adults.
- For adults with autism who are more independent, there are a number of options for gradual integration at different workplaces
Who is eligible?
- Individuals with autism who have completed their mandatory schooling (age 21 for special education and age 18 for the regular education system), who live at home and are not part of another treatment framework.
How to claim it?
- Recognition by the Office for the Care of the Autistic and P.D.D. Population is required.
- The following documents will be required:
- Up-to-date medical documentation indicating the medical status and functioning capacity of the applicant.
- An educational report from the school in which the applicant studied which discusses the applicant’s condition. The report must include a description of the applicant’s functioning capacity with respect to dependence on others, ability to function independently, and the amount of personal supervision required.
- The ratio of staff to participants in the employment centers is determined according to the educational reports.
Transportation to Work
- An adult who is incapable of arriving independently to a community employment placement is entitled to financial assistance from the local authority for transportation costs.
- Some local authorities organize the transportation but in most cases the parent or legal guardian has to arrange the transportation through a cab or van company.
- Parents that have to arrange transportation for themselves should pay for the transport and then may submit receipts to the local authority to receive reimbursement according to the established rates:
Participation in Transportation Funding
- Participation in transportation payment is at least the amount of a public city bus fare (monthly pass/rav kav).
- Someone who receives a Mobility Benefit pays up to half the amount of the monthly mobility benefit for his/her transportation and accompaniment. and not more than the amount of 4.8 monthly credit points (1,036.8 NIS per month, as of 2018).
- The maximum contribution from the local authority is up to 15 credit points (3,240 NIS per month, as of 2018).
- Those who have been approved for transportation with accompaniment, can be reimbursed up to 12 credit points (2,592 NIS per month, as of 2018) for the escort.
Employment Models at ALUT Daycare Centers (Meital)
Support/Sheltered Centers (Mercaz Mugan)
- Support centers offer vocational evaluation and assessment. They also offer assistance to adults with autism as they enter and integrate into the workforce, as well as ongoing support for the participants in the vocational framework.
- The centers emphasize improving quality of life and teaching basic work skills in a therapeutic environment.
- Different workshops are offered including factory work, as well as various art workshops such as drawing, ceramics, carpentry, and more.
- Various professionals are present at the center, including social workers, behavioral analysts, and other professionals from ALUT.
- The center offers an “integrated green support” model in which participants perform physical agricultural work.
- Click here for more information about ALUT’s occupational centers.
Supervised Group Integration in the Community
- Placement of a group of people in one workplace, under the constant close supervision of a counselor who is there to provide assistance.
It is important to note that neither the support centers nor the supervised group integration into the community options offer a salary or employee benefits to participants. There is no employer-employee relationship.
Individual Integration in the Community
- Placement of an individual into a workplace, with personal supervision that gradually decreases until the employee is fully and independently integrated into that workplace.
- The employee must return to the support center for occupational guidance if the integration terminates, if an integrated work day has been shortened or if there is no work that day for some reason.
- Before beginning the individual integration into the community framework, the employee must undergo occupational diagnosis by the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor or someone authorized by the ministry to perform this function, in order to examine the work and earning capacity of the individual. After this examination, there are two possible wage options:
- Adjusted Minimum Wage Option: After determining the individual’s work capacity, his/her wage will be determined according to the Minimum Wage Regulations (Adjusted Wage for a Worker with Disabilities who has Reduced Work Capacity). According to this option, the employer-employee relationship is defined as such, entailing all relevant legal benefits and obligations.
- Rehabilitation Option: An individual whose work capacity is found to be less than 20% may be integrated into a workplace without there being official employer-employee relations. This arrangement is according to the Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities Employed as Rehabilitated Persons Law (The Rehabilitated Persons Law). Click here for more information about the law on the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor website.
For more information about different types of individual integration, you may call the Ministry of Industry, Trade, and Labor’s Office for the Integration of People with Disabilities into the Workforce: 1-700-70-78-71
- People aged 18-25, recognized by the Ministry of Welfare, and who received an Exemption from Military Service for People with Autism, and who language and communication abilities and function independently, are eligible to apply for the "Seeing Far" Program that trains young adults on the autistic spectrum in military and civilian jobs.
- Those who have an established medical disability of at least 20%, and has been determined to be a permanent disability by a General Disability Medical Committee are eligible for vocational rehabilitation including funding for an academic or professional degree.
- Beit Ekstein's Vocational Centers
- Placement in the Free Market through Beit Ekstein
- Program to train adults with high functioning capacity to be software analysts: funded by the National Insurance Institute's Special Activities Fund and operated by the AQA company. Click here for more information on the program
- An employee's General Disability Pension is liable to be affected by the extent of his/her wages.
- [[People with Disabilities/Aid Organizations#Autism|For a list of organization that assist people on the autistic spectrum.
- For a general list of organizations that provide assistance for people with disabilities
- The Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services – Office for the Care of the Autistic and P.D.D. Population
- The Ministry of Industry, Trade, and Labor – The Office for the Integration of People with Disabilities into the Workforce
Laws & Regulations
- Provision 10.6 of the Social Work Regulations: Therapeutic Rehabilitative Daycare Centers for People above the Age of 21 with Autism
- The Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities Employed as Rehabilitated Persons Law
- Minimum Wage Regulations (Adjusted Wage for a Worker with Disabilities who has a Reduced Work Capacity)
- ALUT’s Booklet of Rights for Adults on the Autism Spectrum
- Original translation performed by The Shira Pransky Project as part of a grant from The Fellowship Fund.