Epilepsy ( כִּפְיוֹן in Hebrew), is characterized by a variety of symptoms caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain, which are expressed by different types of seizures.
Epilepsy may occur at any age but is more common in young children and people over the age of 65. There are some types of childhood epilepsy which are temporary and do not continue into adulthood.
In many cases there is no apparent reason for the disorder, but it can result from a head injury, tumors or developmental defects. Epileptic seizures may also occur in patients recovering from brain surgery.
Epilepsy can usually be controlled, but cannot be cured with medication. In severe cases of epilepsy, surgery may be considered. (Based on material from Wikipedia)
Medications and the Healthcare System
- According the Ministry of Health, people taking medications to treat epilepsy are considered to be chronically ill, and they must make sure they are registered as such by their health plan. Recognition as chronically ill is especially important so that those who are defined as such only pay out of pocket up to the defined monthly limit for their medications. For more information, see: Medication Payment Ceiling for the Chronically Ill.
- Those who have epilepsy may be eligible to receive medical cannabis.
Reimbursement for Evacuation by Ambulance
- Any patient who was evacuated by ambulance due to a seizure and was hospitalized is eligible to receive a full reimbursement for the costs of the evacuation. For more information see Funding of Ambulance Evacuation Costs.
- For patients evacuated to a hospital by ambulance but were not hospitalized:
- Those who lost consciousness in a "public place" and an ambulance was ordered by a bystander are entitled to a full reimbursement for the evacuation by their health fund insurance.
- Clalit Health Plan policyholders are eligible for funding of evacuation by ambulance in any case of an epileptic seizure (even if the seizure occurred at home).
- Meuchedet Health Plan policyholders that were evacuated to the hospital by ambulance are entitled to full reimbursement even if they were not hospitalized.
- Maccabi Health Plan policyholders are entitled to funding of ambulance evacuation if they lost consciousness during the epileptic event.
- Leumi Health Plan policyholdres are entitled to funding for ambulance evacuation from a public place if they lost consciousness even if they were not hospitalized.
- Schoolchildren, in accordance with section 7 of the Ministry of Education's Director General's Circular 5773/1 in event that a student needs immediate medical care for a medical issue that us not an injury, the parents are responsible for funding of the ambulance evacuation.
- In the case of status epilepticus or unusual situations you should consult your health plan's district doctor and request consideration of your condition and to receive a partial reimbursement.
Disabled Child Benefit
- Children suffering from epilepsy are eligible for a disabled child benefit in accordance with their situation. For more information see Disabled Child Benefit for Children with Epilepsy.
- For more details on the benefits see: Disabled Child Benefit and Related Benefits.
- Someone whose earning capacity has been damaged due to illness (or whose ability to function in the household in the case of housewives) may submit a General Disability Pension claim.
- For more information, see: Disability Pension and Related Benefits.
- Compulsory education-age children in need of supervision due to unbalanced epilepsy - more than two myoclonic epileptic seizures in a month or generalized epilepsy with severe seizures ("grand mal"), that lead to falling down - are entitled to the accompaniment of a medical aide. Fore more information see: Medical Aide for Children Enrolled in the Regular Education System.
- Those for whom a medical committee has defined at least 20% medical disability are entitled to Vocational Rehabilitation and Educational Assistance for People with Disability.
- The law prohibits discrimination in the workplace due to an employee having disabilities. For more information, see: Prohibition of Discrimination Against an Employee Because He/She has a Disability.
- Parents of children who receive a Disabled Child Benefit, may be eligible to receive a municipal property tax (arnona) discount. For more information, see: Municipal Property Tax (Arnona) Discount for Parents of a Child with Disabilities.
- Epilepsy patients who would like to get a driver's license or renew a driver's license after it was canceled for medical reasons, must meet the requirements of the Medical Institute for Road Safety. For more information, see: Driver's Licenses for Epilepsy Patients.
- People with epilepsy, whose medical condition is stable, may join the military.
- For more information, see: Recruitment and Service in the IDF for Soldiers with Epilepsy.
- Someone who is not suitable for drafting, may consider the possibility of volunteering in the IDF or volunteering as part of National Civil Service.
- Israel Epilepsy Association
- The Center for Epilepsy Education - Seroka Medical Center
- Jordan River Village - vacation free of charge for children with serious or chronic diseases.
- The Ministry of Health
- The National Insurance Institute
- The Ministry of Education
- The Ministry of Defense
- The Ministry of Transportation
- The Commission for Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Laws & Regulations
- The National Health Insurance Law
- The National Insurance Law
- The Equal Rights for People with Disabilities Law
- Original translation performed by The Shira Pransky Project as part of a grant from The Fellowship Fund.