Genetic testing allows individuals that are in populations at high risk for hereditary genetic disease to know if they are carriers for the genetic disease. They are relevant in the following 2 cases:
- Testing a sick person - in this case the test results can help provide the patient optimal treatment.
- Testing a person who is not sick - in this case test results determine if a person is a carrier of a genetic disease and allow the carrier to be monitored for early detection, which may increase the chances of survival.
Who is Eligible?
- Appendix A of the Genetic Testing Circular explains who is eligible for genetic testing as part of the healthcare basket after they meet the following condition:
- The person has confirmation from a doctor that specializes in genetics that he is eligible for a specific test relevant to him. In order to do this see the section below procedures - initial genetic consultation.
- Tests can be done on sick patients and on people that have no signs of illness (carrier detection), according to the type of illness and specific eligibility criteria.
- Conditions of eligibility can vary from illness to illness so it is advised to clarify the conditions with your health plan.
- For more information about genetic tests included in the health care basket see appendix a of the Genetic Testing Circular and the Kol HaBriut website.
How to Claim It?
Initial Genetic Consultation
- Refer to your family doctor or health fund center to schedule an initial genetic consultation.
- The cost of the initial consultation is based on the the insured's eligibility and the health plan's policies.
Performing the Test
- If the genetic consultation found that the person meets the criteria for the test he will be referred to do it.
- In Israel genetic testing is done at the Kupat Cholim, in a genetic center recognized by the Ministry of Health or in a genetics lab recognized by the Ministry of Health, according the health funds' arrangements.
- A simple blood tests is required to perform the test.
- Results are given to the patient in a phone call (after a few weeks).
- According to the Genetic Information Law every person is entitled to certain rights regarding their genetic information, including the right to privacy, prohibition of workplace discrimination and prohibition of discrimination in purchasing private insurance.
- Men and women who are tested and determined to be carriers of the BRCA1/2 gene mutations are eligible for routine testing for earlier detection for cancers associated with BRCA1/2 gene mutation carriers.
Laws and Regulations
- English translation and maintenance by The Shira Pransky Project.