Children, adolescents and adults on the autistic spectrum may be eligible (from age 12 and up) for housing outside their homes.
- The Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services – Office for the Care of the Autistic and P.D.D. Population is responsible for establishing housing arrangements outside the home, as well as funding and supervising them.
- These special housing arrangements are operated by organizations and service providers such as ALUT and Beit Ekstein.
Who is eligible?
- Children, adolescents, and adults above the age of 12 who are on the autism spectrum.
- In certain cases, younger children may also live in these arrangements, as long as they do not comprise more than 20% of the residential population.
- There are several types of housing frameworks based on the level of functioning of the residents, ranging from functional independence to dependence on nursing, as well as according to the residents' behavior (which at times may be difficult to manage and violent):
- Housing with psychiatric supervision: intended for those with autism who have serious behavioral problems and those who require much help performing daily tasks. Neve Rivka in Nes Tziona is an example of this type of housing arrangement.
- Inclusive housing: It is partially open to the community, operates 24 hours a day and includes daily work. The housing is intended for people with autism who have serious difficulty regulating emotions, or who exhibit behavioral problems and/or require much help performing daily tasks.
- Bayit L’Chayim in the community (hostel): A housing arrangement designed for people with autism who are capable of using community services and of being involved in the community.
- Apartment in the community: designed for those who can function independently, but who require support and direction in their independent lives.
- Click here for The Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services website’s list of “Batim L’Chayim”
- Click here for ALUT’s list of housing frameworks
- For information on Beit Ekstein housing facilities
How to claim it?
- First and foremost, recognition by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services is required. For more information, see: Recognition by the Office for the Care of the Autistic and P.D.D. Population.
- One must also request a referral from the welfare department for a housing arrangement outside the home.
- When the potential applicant is younger than 18 years old, a hearing on the issue by the Ministry of Social Affairs regional decision committee must take place in the presence of the department’s regional supervisor for treatment of individuals with autism.
- Once the candidate is approved, the documents are transferred to the Ministry of Social Affair’s regional placement committee, which then decides which type of housing arrangement is most appropriate.
- The appropriateness of this decision is then verified by representatives of the intended housing facility by observing the candidate in his/her home, or in the context in which he/she is found during the day.
- An acceptance committee from the intended type of housing arrangement then decides if the candidate is suitable for the arrangement.
- The committee’s decision is sent to a Ministry of Social Affairs social worker who then informs the candidate’s parents.
- Candidates are sometimes placed on a waiting list by the Office for Treatment of Autistic Individuals until completion of the bidding for a new housing arrangement.
- Click here for more information on housing options on the ALUT .
Co-payments and Transfer of National Insurance Payments
- In certain housing frameworks, such as hostels, National Insurance benefits are transferred to fund these special housing projects.
- Residents under the age of 18:
- If the individual is younger than 18 years old, then National Insurance payments (Disabled Child Benefit) are transferred to the Ministry of Social Affairs and the housing facility.
- A parental co-payment is also required according to eligibility calculations.
- Residents over the age of 18:
- 80% of the General Disability Pension is transferred to the housing facility and 20% is retained by the recipient.
- The placement process for special housing arrangements outside the home is liable to take a long time. It is therefore recommended to start the process at least one year in advance of the desired placement date.
- The Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services – Office for the Care of the Autistic and P.D.D. Population
- The National Insurance Institute
Laws & Regulations
- Provision 10.4 of the Social Work Regulations: Procedure for Housing Arrangements Outside the Home for People with Autism/Extensive Developmental Disorders
- The Welfare Services Law
- The Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services website: The Guide for Caring for Someone with Autism
- ALUT website
- Austic Spectrum - Options for Housing Facilities on the Ministry of Health's "Kol HaBriut" website.
- Original translation performed by The Shira Pransky Project as part of a grant from The Fellowship Fund.