Introduction:

A long-term care patient is someone suffering from a medical condition(s) that prevents him/her from functioning in a normal way on a daily basis, and who requires assistance performing daily functions.

A long-term care patient is someone whose medical and functional situation has deteriorated as the result of a chronic condition, or a permanent physical or mental disability (this is not talking about a temporary situation).

  • Additionally, the patient most fall into one or more of the following categories:
    • He/she is bedridden or wheelchair bound
    • He/she is Incontinent
    • He/she has difficulty walking
    • He/she requires assistance with most acts of daily living, such as, getting up, lying down, dressing undressing, bathing, eating and drinking.
  • Someone who is mentally frail and requires supervision (such as an Alzheimer's patient) is considered to be a long-term care patient.
  • In order for someone to be considered a long-term care patient, it is not necessary that they require constant medical supervision; it is sufficient that they require assistance from a caretaker/nurse.

Please Note

  • A long term care patient, that is unable to preform act of daily living, and also requires close supervision of a physician is considered a Complex Long-Term Care Patient.
  • As of 2009, a patient fed by way of a feeding tube is no longer considered to be a complex long-term care patient; but rather, simply a long-term care patient. (Click here to see a Ministry of Health director circular for more information.)

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