Introduction:

Employees of any religion are entitled to receive full pay if they were absent from work due to the death of a first-degree relative
The paid mourning period may be up to 7 calendar days
Eligibility is dependent on the accumulation of seniority (vetek) of at least 3 months working in the place of employment, excepting certain cases where the entitlement is not dependent on seniority
Part-time employees are eligible for wages only for the days on which they were to be working and for which they missed work due to the mourning
For more information, see the Laws and Regulations section below


Employees who are absent from work in order to fulfill the obligations of mourning in accordance with their religion or custom are entitled to receive full pay for their absence, up to 7 calendar days (meaning, the day count includes normal weekly days of rest).

Example
An employee who works 5 days a week and begins their mourning period on a Tuesday can be covered for mourning through Monday of the next week. The employee will be considered as one covered for 7 days of mourning (including Friday and Saturday), although they only missed 5 work days.

Who is Eligible?

  • Any employee whose first-degree relative (parent, child, spouse, or sibling) passes away, fulfilling an obligation to mourn (in accordance with religion or custom, regardless of the employees religion).
  • The right is recognized as long as they have worked at least 3 months at their place of employment.
  • In certain cases the entitlement is not dependent on seniority (vetek). Additionally, government employees have various entitlements regarding different degrees of relationship (see details below in the extensions section.

Hourly Employees

  • An employee for only part of the week, and a portion of the mourning period falls on those days for which the employee would work, is entitled to wages for these days from the employer.
Example
  • An employee works in an office on Sundays, Mondays and Thursdays.
  • Upon the death of the employee's father he mourned from Tuesday through the following Monday.
  • The employee was absent from 3 work days for that employer (Thursday, Sunday and Monday).
  • The employee is entitled to wages for 3 days corresponding to their absence.
Example
  • A domestic worker (housekeeper) works once every two weeks on Wednesday.
  • In the week that the employee was expected to work she was in mourning for her sister from Sunday through Saturday.
  • The employee is entitled to the wages she would have received if she had been present for work on Wednesday.
  • If the mourning period fell on a week when the employee was not expected to work for that employer, the she is not entitled to wages.

How to Claim It?

  • The right should be granted automatically by the employer.

חשוב לדעת

  • The entitlement is given for the number of days accepted in the mourners community, up to 7 days. If a specific community practices only 3 days of mourning, the employee will be entitled to absence from work, and wages, for only these 3 days.
  • Compensation is only given to those in mourning for a first degree relative. If a particular community has mourning customs for relatives of a greater distance, the employer is not obligated to pay wages for absence of the employee in these cases.
  • Despite this - in certain occupations, and in public service, the employees are entitled to 7 days of mourning with pay even if their community's customs apply a shorter period. Also, they are entitled to pay in cases of mourning for more distant relatives, if that is their custom. For more information, see the extensions section below.

Extensions

Occupation Extension Specifics
Contractors (agency workers)
  • Contracted workers in the private sector are entitled to receive wages for absent days without conditions of seniority (vetek) in the place of employment or with the manpower agency.
  • Contracted workers in the public sector are entitled to wages for their absent work days in mourning on condition that they have worked at least 3 months in the place of employment or with the manpower agency (unless there is a benefits collective agreement in the place of employment that does not require seniority as a condition for the entitlement).
Absence from work due to days of mourning for the death of a first-degree relative of a contract worker
Cleaning workers Cleaning workers are entitled to wages for their absence during mourning without conditions of seniority (vetek) in the place of employment.
Government employees
  • Government employees (of every religion) have the right to absence from the day of the death until the burial and an additional 7 days.
  • Muslim, Christian and Druze government employees have a right to absence upon the death of relatives beyond first-degree.
[http://www.csc.gov.il/Takshir/Pages/chap.aspx?chap=454 Chapter 33.5 of the Civil Service Law - mourning leave

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