Introduction:

Parents may refuse any examination or vaccination for their newborn
The medical staff must obtain written or verbal parental consent for providing medical care to a newborn


Following birth, newborns undergo a number of examinations and receive vaccinations in the hospital. Parents may refuse any examination or vaccination for their newborn.

Who is Eligible?

  • All parents of a newborn.

Neonatal care provided to a newborn in the hospital

  • Neonatal care includes a series of examinations and vaccinations including:
  • The first Hepatitis B vaccination.
  • Intramuscular Vitamin K injection.
  • Screenings to check for various disorders and diseases including congenital hypothyroidism and phenylketonuria.
  • Neonatal hearing screenings.
  • Eye treatment.
  • A full listing of neonatal screenings, treatments and vaccinations may be found on the Ministry of Health website:

Obligation to Provide Information to the Mother

  • According to Ministry of Health guidelines, an information sheet with an explanation of proper care for healthy newborns must be given to the parents while in the hospital.
  • The attending medical staff in the maternity ward and neonatal care unit are required to notify the parents regarding the medical care being given to the newborn in the hospital.
  • This information may be provided to the parents verbally or in written form.

Parental Consent for Neonatal Care

  • The medical staff must receive written or verbal parental consent for providing medical care to a newborn for each form of care provided, and the parents have the right to refuse any form of care.
  • Due to the fact that parents are legally considered to be the natural guardians of their children, their consent is required for all medical care given to a newborn, including vaccinations, and it must be made clear to them that they have the right to refuse care.
  • Parents have the right to refuse any examination/screening and vaccination.
  • The neonatal care unit manager must be informed in advance of the refusal.
  • Generally, when registering for the delivery room, the expectant parents receive a form detailing the examinations and treatments the newborn will undergo immediately after birth, as well as a form for refusing such care.
  • Refusal must be given in advance, as the actions described above are taken immediately after birth.

How to Claim It?

  • Generally, when registering for the delivery room, the expectant parents receive a form detailing the examinations and treatments the newborn will undergo immediately after birth, as well as a form for refusing such care.
  • Parents who do not want a specific examination to be performed or treatment provided to their newborn must fill out this form before giving birth.
  • If the form has not been provided, the parents must inform the nursery supervisor of their refusal immediately after the birth.

Please Note

  • Infants for whom no special requests or refusals have been expressed will generally receive all of the standard series of examinations and treatments.

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Additional Publications

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