Parkinson's disease is a disease of the central nervous system which is primarily reflected by motor disorders. Parkinson's is not hereditary and the cause is unknown.
The main symptoms of the disease are: body tremors, slowness of movement and muscle stiffness. These symptoms are caused by a decrease in the level of dopamine in the brain, which is one of the substances that enables communication between nerve cells.
- Parkinson's disease is categorized into two types:
- Primary parkinsonism - Considered to be a chronic and irreversible illness.
- Secondary parkinsonism - Considered to be reversible, and is caused in most cases by the use of certain medications or drugs.
- For more information see Parkinson's Disease - A Patient's Guide on the Israel Parkinson's Association website.
Medications and the Healthcare System
- Parkinson's patients are considered to be chronically ill, and are therefore eligible for an exemption from paying for medications beyond the established monthly payment ceiling.
- Parkinson's patients receiving a disability pension from the National Insurance Institute are entitled to an exemption from paying for various health plan services.
- Parkinson's patients may be eligible to receive medical cannabis.
- In many cases, Parkinson's patients are entitled to a number of benefits from the National Insurance Institute.
- The National Insurance Institute in conjunction with the Israel Parkinson's Association prepared a form for Parkinson's patients to fill in their medical details in order to file a claim with the National Insurance Institute.
- The form aims to consolidate all of the medical information necessary to establish eligibility for the various benefits:
- General Disability Pension - A benefit paid to those who are unable to earn a living due to their disability. Eligibility for the General Disability Pension grants a person additional, related benefits. For more information, see: Disability Pension and Related Benefits. For specific information on establishing medical disability for Parkinson's patients see Determining Disability for Parkinson's Disease Patients.
- Mobility Benefit - An entitlement that includes a number of benefits for those who have limited mobility as the result of a disorder in their legs. For more information, see: Mobility Benefit.
- Special Services Benefit (Attendance Allowance) - Relevant for those with advanced stage Parkinson's who cannot function on a daily basis. This benefit is given for adults require significant assistance from another person in performing daily tasks, and for those whom a medical disability of at least 60% has been established. Additionally the dependency test for ability to perform housework has been added. This benefit is paid in addition to a General Disability Pension, and is determined according to the individual's level of functioning and dependence on others. Patients hospitalized in an institution providing medical, long-term care or rehabilitation services are not eligible for the benefit. For more information, see: Special Services Benefit (Attendance Allowance).
- Long-Term Care Benefit - is a benefit given to those who have reached retirement age, live in the community and require help for daily activities. This benefit is provided in the form of services, except in special circumstances where monetary assistance may be given to hire a caregiver . For more information, see: Long-Term Care Benefit.
- Workers' disability - If a direct causal relationship is found between someone's Parkinson's disease and chemical materials of different types to which he/she was exposed to in the workplace, that person may be entitled to be recognized as a work accident victim and receive a benefit and grant accordingly. For more information, see: Disability Pension and Disability Grant for Work Injury Victims.
- As Parkinson's develops, patients' become more restricted in movement, and therefore may become eligible for more benefits from the National Insurance Institute.
- Parkinson's patients may be eligible for an income tax exemption, according to their degree of disability.
- The parents or spouse of someone with Parkinson's may be entitled to income tax credit points.
- A Parkinson's patient buying a home may be entitled to a discount on the purchasing tax. For more information, see: Purchase Tax Discount on Residential Property for People with Disabilities.
Israel Lands Administration Consent Fee
- Parkinson's patients may be eligible for a discount or exemption on the Israel Lands Administration consent fee, according to their degree of disability. For more information, see: Discount on the Israel Lands Administration Consent Fee for People with Disabilities.
Municipal Property Tax (Arnona)
- Parkinson's patients may be eligible for a discount on Municipal Property Tax (Arnona) Discount for People with Disabilities.
- Parents of a child who received a Disabled Child Benefit may be eligible for a discount on municipal property tax (arnona). For more information, see: Municipal Property Tax (Arnona) Discount for Parents of a Child with Disabilities.
- Parkinson's patients for whom at least 20% disability has been established are entitled to vocational rehabilitation and educational assistance.
- Parkinson's patients who purchased a private insurance policy before contracting the disease may be eligible to claim their medical rights and receive the financial coverage for serious illness and loss of earning capacity, on condition that their earning capacity has gone down as a result of the illness.
- Parkinson's patients may be eligible for various benefits related to transportation and mobility, such as:
- Public Transportation Discount for Disability Pension Recipients
- Disabled parking permit and exemption from Ministry of Transportation licensing fees,according to the patient's medical condition and functional ability.
- Marking a Disabled Parking Area Near the Home of a Person with Disabilities
- Exemption from Payment of Hospital Parking Fees
Assistance Purchasing Devices
- Parkinson's patients may be eligible for Assistance Purchasing Mobility Devices.
Discounts on Bezeq Telephone Services
- Those who receive a General Disability Pension and for whom a degree of at least 80% disability has been established, may be eligible for a discount on Bezeq telephone services. For more information, see: Discount on Bezeq Telephone Fees for People with Disabilities.
Laws & Regulations
- "Medical Rights for Parkinson's Patients" from The Israel Parkinson Association website.
- A form for Parkinson's patients to fill in their medical details in order to file a claim with the National Insurance Institute..
- "Parkinson's Disease" on the Clalit website.
- Original information provided by The Israel Parkinson Association.
- English translation and maintenance by The Shira Pransky Project.