A premature infant is defined as an infant born before the 37th week of pregnancy. Due to their early birth, some of the baby's bodily systems are not developed enough and the infant is susceptible to illness than other newborns . Additionally, there are limitations to the essential basic treatments that are routinely provided to babies. After birth, a premature infant is treated in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and is eligible to receive specialized treatments. Premature infants and their parents are entitled to special healthcare rights and benefits during hospitalization and in certain circumstances also after release from the hospital..
Medical Treatments at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
Family Rights During Hospitalization
Medical Treatments After Release from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
Employment Rights and Other Benefits for Parents
- Maternity leave extension for parents of a premature infant
- For full information regarding benefits for new parents, see: Pregnancy and Birth
Laws & Regulations
- Vaccines guide from The Ministry of Health, Department of Epidemiology, Public Health Services (updated September 2012)
- Medical Administration Circular 6/2011 from 23.01.2011 on expanding the health services basket for the year 2011
- All you ever wanted to know about RSV, an information booklet from The Lahav Society - For the Premature Infants in Israel
- Medical Administration Circular 28/2000 from 06.08.2000 regarding early referral of children at risk for developmental problems to a child development center
- Medical Administration Circular 42/2005 from 06.11.2005 regarding early referral of infants born at a very low birth weight for developmental evaluation
- Original translation performed by The Shira Pransky Project as part of a grant from The Fellowship Fund.