Introduction:

An employee may not be fired within 60 days of returning from maternity leave without a special permit from the Economy Minister
The Economy Minister will only issue such permits if it has been determined that the firing is not connected to the birth or maternity leave
An employer who fires an employee without the proper permit should expect financial sanctions
A complaint may be filed with the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor's Enforcement Unit against an employer who has fired an employee without the proper permit
For more information see Section 9 (c) (1a) of Women's Working Law


It is prohibited for an employer to fire an employee within 60 days of that employee returning from maternity leave without a special permit from the Ministry of Economy.

  • Such permits from the Ministry of Economy are only granted if all of the following conditions (cumulatively) are met:
  • The firing is not connected to the birth or maternity leave
  • The place of employment has stopped operation or declared bankruptcy.
  • The period of advance notice of termination is not included in this 60 day period.
  • An employee wishing to return to work after maternity leave is entitled to return to work and the employer may not simply pay her for the 60 days during which she may not be fired.

Who is Eligible?

  • Employees (men or women) returning to work after completion of their maternity leave.

How to Claim It?

  • The right should be granted automatically.
  • If an employee has been fired against the law and without the proper permit, he/she can file a complaint with the labor law enforcement unit.
  • If a woman is unlawfully fired after maternity leave, the firing is considered to have never occurred, and the employee is entitled to sue the employer for monetary compensation equivalent to the salary and benefits to which she would have been entitled had employee-employer relations continued as they were before the dismissal.

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