Introduction:

It is prohibited to fire an employee on maternity/paternity leave
This prohibition is absolute and one can not apply for a dismissal permit from the Ministry of Labor and Social Services
An employer who fires an employee may expect financial sanctions
A complaint may be filed with the Labor Law Enforcement Unit against an employer who has fired an employee


Section 9c(1) of the Womens' Employment Law establishes an absolute prohibition on the firing of an employee during Maternity Leave and a prohibition on giving notification of dismissal during this period.

  • This prohibition is absolute and the employer can not apply for a dismissal permit from the Ministry of Economy during this period.

Who is Eligible?

How to Claim It?

  • The right should be granted automatically.
  • A complaint may be filed with the Labor Law's Enforcement Unit against an employer who has fired an employee.

Please Note

  • An employer who fires an employee should expect financial sanctions.
  • The employer is prohibited from firing an employee during Maternity Leave as well during the period of Unpaid Leave Following Maternity Leave if the employee takes it. It is also prohibited to fire an employee during the 60 days after he/she returns from this leave unless a special permit is given from the Labor Minister.
  • For more information about limitations on firing and employee or changing the scope of an employee's job during or after maternity leave see:

Aid Organizations

  • Click here for a comprehensive listing of organizations that provide assistance for issues related to employment and workers' rights, specifically those listed under "ארגוני סיוע לנשים".

Government Agencies

For a list of government agencies dealing with employment and specifically with the employment of women

Laws and Regulations

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