Strokes (also known as cerebrovascular accidents (CVA)) are the most common cause of disability among seniors.
A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted resulting in neurological damage. The exact location effected in the brain is what determines the patient's symptoms (for example, if the motor cortex is impacted, it will disrupt the ability to move different parts of the body and can sometimes cause temporary or permanent paralysis).
Individuals who have been diagnosed has having had a stroke are hospitalized for treatment and monitoring. After hospitalization, stroke patients undergo either out-patient or in-patient rehabilitation in order to best regain their functioning capacity. In addition to the information provided on this page regarding various rights, the Guide for an Adult who becomes disabled as a result of disease or injury can be seen for additional information.
Medications and the Healthcare System
- Individuals who require medications on a regular basis and who are recognized as being chronically ill are entitled to a medication payment ceiling.
- General Disability Pension recipients are entitled to an exemption from some health plan fees.
- Patients recognized as "rehabilitation patients" are entitled to the following services:
- Out-patient or in-patient rehabilitation services.
- Physical therapy treatments in accordance with their health plan coverage. For more information, see: Physical Therapy and Hydrotherapy on the Society for Patients Rights in Israel website.
- Services from the Home Care Unit which provides medical and paramedical services for patients who are housebound for an extended period of time and who then cannot receive all of the treatments they require. Patients should contact their health plan to inquire about home care.
- The Ministry of Health provides funding towards rehabilitation, mobility and walking devices for those who have been determined to have disability who live in the community. For more information, see:
- Following a stroke, patients are liable to suffer from temporary or permanent impairments related to their functioning capacity. It is recommended to contact the National Insurance Institute as soon as possible in order to examine benefit eligibility. Many times the various benefit claim processes can be started before the patient has been released from the in-patient rehabilitation facility.
General Disability Pension
- When submitting a claim for a General Disability Pension, the medical disability is established by a medical committee. For more specific information see Determining Disability after a Stroke.
- Individuals whose earning capacity has been reduced by at least 50% due to their disability may be entitled to a General Disability Pension from the National Insurance Institute. For more information, see: Disability Pension and Related Benefits.
- Please Note: There are certain rights that are given to people with medical disabilities even if they are not receiving a disability pension.
Special Services Benefit (Attendance Allowance)
- Those who receive a General Disability Pension for whom medical disability of at least 60% has been established, or those for whom medical disability of at least 75% (with regard to special services) has been established even if they are not General Disability Pension recipients, may be entitled to a Special Services Benefit (Attendance Allowance) if they require significant assistance performing daily activities and meet other conditions of eligibility.
Long-Term Care Benefit
- Those who have suffered a stroke after reaching retirement age may be entitled to a Long-Term Care Benefit to enable them to continue living in the community by providing them with assistance in the home and personal care.
- For more information, see: Long-Term Care Benefit.
- Those who have limited mobility may be entitled to various benefits as part of the Mobility Benefit.
- In cases in which a stroke occurred at work or was related to work, this should be mentioned to the hospital staff and patients should make sure that it is indicated in their release papers.
- Work accident claims must be submitted within one year of the event. For more information, see: Work Accidents and Work Injury Victims.
- Those for whom disability of at least 89% has been established may be entitled to an income tax exemption up to the defined ceiling, which is updated every year. Entitlement for the exemption begins after 184 days of disability. For more information, see: Income Tax Exemption for People with Medical Disability.
- Additional tax benefits to individuals recognized as having disabilities:
- Individuals who have limited mobility as the result of a stroke may be entitled to financial assistance to perform housing modifications.
- Those for whom a General Disability Medical Committee has established permanent weighted medical disability to be at least 20% and who have not yet reached retirement age may be entitled to vocational rehabilitation.
- Those for whom medical disability of at least 40% has been established may receive assistance services in the community as part of the Supportive Communities for People with Disabilities Program.
- The Neeman Association for Stroke Survivors
- The National Institute for the Rehabilitation of Brain Injuries
- English translation and maintenance by The Shira Pransky Project.