Strokes (also known as cerebrovascular accidents (CVA)) are the most common cause of disability among seniors. A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted resulting in neurological damage. The exact location effected in the brain is what determines the patient's symptoms (for example, if the motor cortex is impacted, it will disrupt the ability to move different parts of the body and can sometimes cause temporary or permanent paralysis).
Individuals who have been diagnosed has having had a stroke are hospitalized for treatment and monitoring. After hospitalization, stroke patients undergo either out-patient or in-patient rehabilitation in order to best regain their functioning capacity. In addition to the information provided on this page regarding various rights, the Guide for an Adult who becomes disabled as a result of disease or injury can be seen for additional information.

Medications and the Healthcare System


  • Following a stroke, patients are liable to suffer from temporary or permanent impairments related to their functioning capacity. It is recommended to contact the National Insurance Institute as soon as possible in order to examine benefit eligibility. Many times the various benefit claim processes can be started before the patient has been released from the in-patient rehabilitation facility.

General Disability Pension

  • When submitting a claim for a General Disability Pension, the medical disability is established by a medical committee. For more specific information see Determining Disability after a Stroke.
  • Individuals whose earning capacity has been reduced by at least 50% due to their disability may be entitled to a General Disability Pension from the National Insurance Institute. For more information, see: Disability Pension and Related Benefits.
  • Please Note: There are certain rights that are given to people with medical disabilities even if they are not receiving a disability pension.

Special Services Benefit (Attendance Allowance)

  • Those who receive a General Disability Pension for whom medical disability of at least 60% has been established, or those for whom medical disability of at least 75% (with regard to special services) has been established even if they are not General Disability Pension recipients, may be entitled to a Special Services Benefit (Attendance Allowance) if they require significant assistance performing daily activities and meet other conditions of eligibility.

Long-Term Care Benefit

  • Those who have suffered a stroke after reaching retirement age may be entitled to a Long-Term Care Benefit to enable them to continue living in the community by providing them with assistance in the home and personal care.
  • For more information, see: Long-Term Care Benefit.

Mobility Benefit

  • Those who have limited mobility may be entitled to various benefits as part of the Mobility Benefit.

Workers' Disability

  • In cases in which a stroke occurred at work or was related to work, this should be mentioned to the hospital staff and patients should make sure that it is indicated in their release papers.
  • Work accident claims must be submitted within one year of the event. For more information, see: Work Accidents and Work Injury Victims.


Other Benefits

Other Information

Aid organizations

Government agencies

Additional publications