The Special Education Law stipulates that a child aged 3-21 who has a significant disability, that limits his ability to adapt and therefore is in need of special education, is entitled to special education.
- Special education must be provided to such children for free in their area of residence or as close as possible to their place of residence.
- According to the law, preference should always be given to the greatest extent possible to placing children with special needs in the regular education system while providing for each child's specific needs within this framework.
- There are integration committees (ועדות שילוב) within the regular education system whose purpose is to determine a child's eligibility to be integrated into the regular education system with special assistance and support.
- Children who are not suitable for integration are referred to a placement committee (ועדת השמה), which determines a child's eligibility for special education, as well as the appropriate framework: a class within a regular educational institution or a separate special educational institution.
- An assignment committee (ועדת שיבוץ) determines the specific framework to which a child will be assigned.
- Children learning in a special education framework are entitled to receive related services based on each child's specific needs, such as chaperoned transportation to and from school, meals, assisting devices, and medical and paramedical services.
Who is Eligible?
- Children with special needs between the ages of 3 and 21 that have a significant disability, that limits his/her ability to adapt and therefore is in need of special education.
- Disability is defined as a physical, intellectual, mental, emotional-behavioral, sensory, cognitive or language impairment, or general developmental disabilities.
Laws and Regulations
- The Special Education Law
- Ministry of Education Director Circular 5772/3(a) from 11.10.2011 - Implementation of the Special Education Law: Institutional Integration Committees, Placement Committees for Integration Committee Appeals, Placement Committees and Appeals Committees.
- English translation and maintenance by The Shira Pransky Project.