According to the National Insurance Law, those for whom a medical committee has established weighted permanent medical disability to be at least 20%, and who have not yet reached retirement age, may be eligible for vocational rehabilitation.
- Vocational rehabilitation is intended to promote successful integration into the job market by providing appropriate professional skills and/or job placement assistance.
- Each rehabilitation program is customized according to personal needs and abilities.
- The services are provided by social workers, professionals in the field of rehabilitation, who provide rehabilitation and occupational assessment and advising and provide guidance to the participants until they are integrated into the workforce.
- As part of the rehabilitation program, participants may study at a wide range of institutions of higher education (universities and colleges), as well as at other educational and training facilities that give professional certifications and are supervised by a government agency, (such as the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor, the Ministry of Education, etc).
- In certain cases that justify it, the National Insurance Institute may approve rehabilitation in institutions of higher education abroad.
- Specific information regarding rehabilitation programs for certain populations:
For example: A man who has suffered an illness that results in disability after reaching retirement age and can not submit a claim for disability pension due to his age, but wishes to receive benefits granted due to medical disability (that are not conditional on receipt of a disability pension).
- According to the National Insurance Institute's Circular, one who has an established disability of less than 65% will be eligible for assistance for a 12 month period.
- If the studies are in an institution of higher education, financial assistance will be provided during the last year of studies only.
- If one is taking a professional development course whose duration is longer than 12 consecutive months, financial assistance will be provided during the last 12 months of the program.
- The rehabilitation period is not limited to 12 months for someone who has an established disability of over 65%, or for someone who was injured in the workplace before age 18 an is unable to finish his/her rehabilitation program within 12 months.
- It was also established in the National Insurance Institute's Circular that there is an option to help with educational funding for longer than 12 months if the person meets one of the following conditions:
- They receive General Disability Pension (full or partial).
- They have an established medical disability of at least 40%, they have been verified as having lost the ability to earn a salary and they do not receive a disability pension.
- They have an established medical disability of at least 40% and they require accessibility as a result of their disability (translation to sign language, transcription and recitation), even if they don't receive a disability pension.
- Assistance is provided in addition to financing training programs/studies, such as pre-academic institutions, a psychometric test and completing matriculation examinations.
Assistance Provided during Studies
- During the course of one's studies, the National Insurance Institute will pay the following:
- Tuition (up to a maximum sum equivalent to university tuition), school supplies, teaching aids and tutoring.
- Psychometric examination preparatory course - Reimbursement may be received for a course that began up to one year prior to submission of the request for rehabilitation.
- Travel expenses - For those without a car, expenses for travel to their studies will be paid according to the actual out-of-pocket expenses incurred in accordance with public transportation costs.
- Rental assistance - If the educational facility is more than 40km from the student's home, such that he/she must sleep outside the home, and the educational program is full-time, the possibility to receive rental assistance, in accordance with the amounts previously established for rent by the rehabilitation assessor according to the relevant regulations will be reviewed.
- Support and accessibility services such as a sign language interpreter, transcriptions and readings.
- Rehabilitation pay is paid to those who are entitled to rehabilitation according to the law, who study at least 16 hours a week (before 01.11.2017 eligibility was for those who learned at least 20 hours a week).
- Those who do not receive a disability pension are entitled to rehabilitation pay equal to the disability pension amount paid to those with disability established at 100%, according to their family composition.
- Those who receive a partial disability pension will receive rehabilitation pay equal to the difference between their partial disability pension and the disability pension amount paid to those with disability established at 100%, according to their family composition.
- Those who receive a full disability pension are not entitled to receive rehabilitation pay.
Who is eligible?
- Those for whom a medical committee has established weighted permanent medical disability to be at least 20%, who have not yet reached retirement age, and who also meet all of the following conditions:
- Are unable to return to their previous employment or other suitable work due to the disability.
- Require professional training in order to return to their previous employment or to work somewhere else more suited to their abilities and skills with the disability.
- Are suited for vocational rehabilitation, capable of participating in the vocational rehabilitation process and integrate as an employee in the regular job market (as opposed to sheltered or supported employment).
Eligibility of a Spouse
- For those with disabilities who are determined to be unsuitable for vocational rehabilitation, the option of transferring eligibility for the rehabilitation to a spouse may be examined.
- For this to occur, the spouse must meet the following conditions:
How to claim it?
- A vocational rehabilitation claim should be submitted along with proof and certifications of the applicants education, previous vocational training and work experience.
- The claim can be filled out on the online claim form and can be submitted in one of the following ways:
- Fill in the form and send it through the National Insurance Institute website's online system (filed up to 10 MB may be attached to the form).
- The form should be filled out online, printed and sent with the necessary documents to the National Insurance Institute's Rehabilitation Department office closest to the applicant's place of residence (by mail, fax or in person).
- There is an option to download the claim form, print it and fill it out by hand and then send it to the local rehabilitation office (as detailed in the paragraph above).
- A National Insurance Institute rehabilitation assessor will advise the applicant regarding the choice of the most proper educational/occupational option according to the applicant's aspirations, skills and limitations. If required, the rehabilitation assessor will also consult with doctors, psychologists and other rehabilitation specialists.
- The rehabilitation assessor will help the applicant choose a profession which has demand in the job market and which can be learned in a limited period of time. At the end of the learning and training period, the rehabilitation assessor will then help with job placement.
- To arrange an advisory session with a rehabilitation assessor, one can call: 02-6463488 (call routing service on rehabilitation branches throughout the country).
- Those who meet the conditions of eligibility and were enrolled in studies before submitting the claim for professional rehabilitation may apply to the Rehabilitation Officer to examine their eligibility. However, the National Insurance Institute is not obligated to approve studies in these cases, and therefore it is recommended to submit the claim before enrollment.
- Requests for vocational rehabilitation abroad will each be evaluated based on the specific circumstances of the case
- For a comprehensive categorized listing of healthcare organizations offering assistance and support, click here.
- The National Insurance Institute
- The Commission for Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities
- The Office for the Integration of People with Disabilities into the Workforce (information in English)
- The Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs and Social Services
- The Ministry of Health
- The Ministry of Defense
Laws & Regulations
- The National Insurance Law - sections 88, 204.
- The National Insurance Regulations (Vocational Rehabilitation), 1956
- National Insurance Institute Benefit Circular from 23.05.2016 Eligibility for rehabilitation and limitations during the rehabilitation process
- Original translation performed by The Shira Pransky Project as part of a grant from The Fellowship Fund.